amoxicillin (amox), also spelled amoxycillin,is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. it isthe first line treatment for middle ear infections. it may also be used for strep throat, pneumonia,skin infections, and urinary tract infections among others. it is taken by mouth. common side effects include a nausea and rash.it may also increase the risk of yeast infections
amoxicillin and alcohol, and, when used in combination with clavulanicacid, diarrhea. it should not be used in those who are allergic to penicillin. while usablein those with kidney problems the dose may need to be decreased. its use in pregnancyand breastfeeding appear to be okay. amoxicillin first became available in 1972.it is on the world health organization's list
of essential medicines, the most importantmedications needed in a basic health system. it is one of the most commonly prescribedantibiotics in children. amoxicillin is available as a generic medication. it has a wholesalecosts between 0.02 and 0.05 usd per pill. in the united states ten days of treatmentcosts about 16 usd. amoxicillin is used in the treatment of anumber of infections, including acute otitis media, streptococcal pharyngitis, pneumonia,skin infections, urinary tract infections, salmonella infections, lyme disease, and chlamydiainfections. it is also used to prevent bacterial endocarditis in high-risk people having dentalwork done, to prevent streptococcus pneumoniae and other encapsulated bacterial infectionsin those without spleens, such as people with
sickle-cell disease, and for both the preventionand the treatment of anthrax. the united kingdom recommends against its use for infectiousendocarditis prophylaxis. these recommendations do not appear to have changed the rates ofinfection for infectious endocarditis. amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanate havebeen recommended by guidelines as the drug of choice for bacterial sinusitis, but mostsinusitis is caused by viruses, for which amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanate areineffective, and the small benefit gained by amoxicillin may be overridden by the adverseeffects. amoxicillin is occasionally used for the treatment of skin infections, suchas acne vulgaris. it is often an effective treatment for cases of acne vulgaris thathave responded poorly to other antibiotics,
such as doxycycline and minocycline. side effects are similar to those for otherî²-lactam antibiotics, including nausea, vomiting, rashes, and antibiotic-associated colitis.loose bowel movements (diarrhea) may also occur. rarer side effects include mental changes,lightheadedness, insomnia, confusion, anxiety, sensitivity to lights and sounds, and unclearthinking. immediate medical care is required upon the first signs of these side effects. the onset of an allergic reaction to amoxicillincan be very sudden and intense; emergency medical attention must be sought as quicklyas possible. the initial phase of such a reaction often starts with a change in mental state,skin rash with intense itching (often beginning
in fingertips and around groin area and rapidlyspreading), and sensations of fever, nausea, and vomiting. any other symptoms that seemeven remotely suspicious must be taken very seriously. however, more mild allergy symptoms,such as a rash, can occur at any time during treatment, even up to a week after treatmenthas ceased. for some people allergic to amoxicillin,
the side effects can be fatal due to anaphylaxis. use of the amoxicillin/clavulanic acid combinationfor more than one week has caused mild hepatitis in some patients. young children having ingestedacute overdoses of amoxicillin manifested lethargy, vomiting, and renal dysfunction.